Probabilistic Drought Forecast
As of 201205, all the CFS forecasts have been switched to CFSv2.Available period: 200806 200807 200808 200809 200810 200811 200902 200903 200904 200905 200906 200907 201005 201006 201007 201008 201009 201010 201011 201012 201101 201102 201103 201104 201105 201106 201107 201108 201109 201110 201111 201112 201201 201202 201203 201204 201205 201206 201207 201208 201209 201210 201211 201212 201301 201302 201303 201304 201305
How to read these maps
Initial Condition Map
- The initial condition is obtained from the drought nowcast system. It is the daily average soil moisture expressed as precentiles with respect to the historical distribution.
- The percentile value can be interpreted as the probability of historical observations being smaller than the current value.
- Visually, the green regions are wetter than normal and yellow/red regions are drier than normal.
- The contours indicate the change in soil moisture in the last 7 days, also expressed as changes in percentiles.
- These forecasts are produced monthly at the beginning of each month using the initial condition that is closest to the first day of the month.
- The CFS-base forecast uses all CFS seasonal forecast initialized during the previous month. For example, to make seasonal drought forecast starting from 21080801, we use CFS forecast initialized during 21080701 to 21080731 (62 members) to form the forecast distribution before applying the Bayesian merging method.
- The CPC outlook-based forecast uses the CPC output releases during the previous month as the forecast distribution for each climate division. For example, to make seasonal drought forecast starting from 21080801, we use CPC outlook released on 21080717.
- Each column is the 6-month soil moisture forecast from one forecast approach, and each row is the forecasts from all approaches for each individual month, showing monthly average.
- The shaded area on the map indicates the probability of the forecast monthly soil moisture being below 20th percentile. A random forecast will give a probabililty about 20%. Therefore,a probability above 20% is considered a shift towards possible drier conditions. A probability above 80% is considered as extremly likely.
- The first column (CFS-based forecast, full) use all the 20 ensemble members to calculate the median and spread, and the second column (CFS-based forecast, most likely) uses only the top 7 members out of the 20. Ten of the twenty members are selected based on a historical-analog criterion, hence they can be sorted. The top 7 members are the most similar ones to the forecast condition.